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What Is Stress?

What Is Stress?

What is stress? Stress is a state in which an organism reacts to external or internal stimuli (stressors), thereby directing energy to deal with dangerous or extreme situations. Stress is a normal reaction of an organism whose purpose is self-sustainment. But if the organism is too long or too often exposed to stress, we can define it as a set of physical, chemical or emotional stimuli from the environment that induce an inadequate adaptation in the individual, or cause a physiological tension that can contribute to the development of the disease. Stress is not subject only to man, but to all living beings, even plants – stress is a reaction […]

Penalty

Penalty

Penalty In order to be effective, three important¬†penalty rules must be met: 1. Penalty must be applied every time a dog has unwanted behavior 2. The penalty must be instantaneous and executed within one to a maximum of two seconds from the beginning of the duration unwanted behavior in order to influence the change or cessation of the same behavior 3. An aversive must be strong enough for a dog to stop repeating unwanted behavior in the future, and yet not too powerful to not scare and hurt the dog. It is quite difficult to satisfy all three listed criteria. To achieve such a precise “timing” that will change the […]