In order to be effective, three important penalty rules must be met:
1. Penalty must be applied every time a dog has unwanted behavior
2. The penalty must be instantaneous and executed within one to a maximum of two seconds from the beginning of the duration
unwanted behavior in order to influence the change or cessation of the same behavior
3. An aversive must be strong enough for a dog to stop repeating unwanted behavior in the future, and yet not
too powerful to not scare and hurt the dog.
It is quite difficult to satisfy all three listed criteria. To achieve such a precise “timing” that will change the behavior of a dog requires a lot of exercise and practice, which the average dog owner does not have. Therefore, such punishment often has no effect and should not be used as the first and only choice in learning or modifying behavior.
Linking the sentence with the owner
Many of the methods recommended for correction of undesirable behaviors such as spraying a dog with water, throwing a bottle full of stones or coins, correction by a lead, etc. require the presence of the owner. In this way, the dog learns to associate a sentence with the owner, not with a certain behavior.
The dog has already been awarded
It does not matter how many times you sprinkled a dog with water or threw a pizza bottle to confuse or scare it. If your dog has just begun to a dog that passes in front of the window and that dog has gone – it is rewarded for barking. “Penalty” will only be associated with your presence, and not with fattening. If a dog has already eaten something off the road, it is rewarded – your subsequent “punishment” or shouting will not connect with the ban on taking garbage from the road but with you, and will often start to run away with what you take in your mouth.
If the dog receives what it wants and does not penalize in just 10% of cases, it learns that once in ten it can be successful in its own way. Therefore, timely prevention, management and learning of more desirable behavior are much more successful methods.
You’re not clear enough
Your dog can do hundreds of wrong actions only when standing next to you on the leash. Or it can make one desired action. “Punishing” all the wrong actions you waste time and energy, and your dog will need a lot of time to learn one of the desirable ones – explain it at the beginning as it is desirable.
Remember – dogs learn when the benefits and disadvantages of their actions are clearly presented. The dog does not think logically as human beings. The dog simply does what works for him and stops doing something that does not benefit him, which does not reward him. To assume that a dog attaches moral value to its actions such as “this is good” and “this is bad” is the same, if not worse than comparing dogs with children. Pure anthropomorphism or the addition of human traits to animals.